When is a cookie a biscuit?
When is frosting called icing? Is a flapjack the same as a pancake? Here are some differences between Canadian terms and other English language countries.
- cookies (US, CA) are biscuits (UK, AU, NZ)
- biscuits (UK, AU) also refers to digestive biscuits, which are cookie shaped but more similar to a sweet cracker like the graham cracker (US, CA)
- biscuits (US, CA) are similar to a scone (UK, AU), and usually neither sweet nor savoury
- bisquit (Germany, no plural) is sponge cake (US)
- muffin (US, AU) is a quick bread (typically using the ‘muffin method’) baked in forms used for cupcakes. It increasingly has this meaning the UK too, with the prevalence of American-style coffee-shop chains.
- muffin (UK) is english muffin (US, AU), a yeast leavened flat-ish bread, cooked on a griddle with a ring form.
- scone (US, CA) tends to be sweeter than a scone (UK)
- pancake (US, CA) generally refers to puffy item made from a thick leavened batter
- pancake (US) can also be called hotcakes, griddlecakes, or flapjacks
- pancake (UK) are made from a thinner unleavened batter, with a result a little thicker than a french crêpe.
- drop scone (UK) is similar to a (US, CA) pancake
- flapjack (US) is the same thing as a pancake
- flapjack (UK) is a baked square usually consisting of sugar/honey, butter, and oats
- frosting (US) is icing (UK, CA, AU)
- frosting (US) typically has air whipped into it, while icing (US) doesn’t and dries harder.